Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 107-111

Assessment of Risk and Prophylaxis for Venous Thromboembolism and Adherence to the American College of Chest Physicians Recommendations during Early Days of Hospital Stay at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in a Developing Country

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Poona College of Pharmacy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Surgery, Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrunal Nitin Ketkar
Department of Surgery, Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_7_17

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Aim: The aim is to assess risk and evaluate the usage of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis adhering to the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) recommendations for prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during early days of hospital stay in critically ill and surgery patients at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Patients and Methods: A prospective study was conducted over 1 year where all patients admitted in Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and surgery wards were enrolled in the study after an informed written consent. A structured pro forma was designed, and effective risk stratification for VTE was done. Patients were followed until discharge to record any pharmacological thromboprophylaxis according to the ACCP prevention of thrombosis recommendations. Results: A total of 210 patients included in this study as per the Caprini VTE Risk Assessment tool. Of 210, 150 (60%) patients were critically ill and 60 (40%) were surgical patients with an average age of 65.3 ± 11 and 55.4 ± 12 years, respectively. Of 150 critically ill patients, 21.3% of patients were classified having moderate VTE risk, 33.3% of patients having higher and 45.3% of patients having highest VTE risks. Of 60 postsurgical patients, 13.3% of patients were categorized having moderate VTE risk, 36.6% of patients having higher and 50% of patients having highest VTE risks. Pharmacological thromboprophylaxis was administered to 35.2% of patients, of which, 46.6% and 6.6% were ICU patients and postsurgical patients, respectively. This shows underutilization of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis. Adherence to guideline recommendations (choice of drug, dose, and duration) was observed in all postsurgical patients and 33% of critically ill patients. Conclusions: Pharmacological thromboprophylaxis to higher and highest VTE risk patients was too low, particularly in both the units and very low in surgery ward. Efforts required improving patient safety practice, particularly in higher and highest risk categories.

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