Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 169-172

Suprarenal inferior vena cava ligation: All is not lost

1 Department of Surgical Disciplines, Division of Trauma Surgery and Critical Care, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Trauma Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Harshit Agarwal
Department of Trauma Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_73_20

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Inferior vena cava (IVC) injuries account for about 25%–40% of abdominal vascular injuries. Blunt vena cava injury has a lower survival rate than penetrating injury. They may present with torrential bleed. In extreme cases, ligation of the IVC may have to be done as a damage control procedure. However, it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially when the suprarenal IVC is ligated. It can lead to acute kidney injury and lower limb compartment syndrome. Suprarenal IVC ligation has been done in oncological resections, as it is a chronic disease that allows collateral vessel formation. However, there is a paucity of data on the ligation of the suprarenal IVC in acute trauma. We present a case of penetrating injury to the IVC which was managed initially by suprarenal IVC ligation, followed by synthetic interposition graft placement once the patient stabilized hemodynamically. The case highlights that this approach can be viable as a damage control procedure in exsanguinating patients.

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