Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-39

Investigation of routine blood parameters for predicting embolic risk in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical School of Alaaddin Keykubat University, Alanya, Antalya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Mustafa Etli
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical School of Alaaddin Keykubat University, Alanya, Antalya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_77_21

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Introduction: Nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NV-AF) is an important risk factor for cardiac thromboembolic disorders. However, there is not an exact biomarker for evaluating risk in these patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the routine blood test and inflammatory markers in NV-AF patients with or without embolic complications. Materials and Methods: Routine complete blood count (CBC) and a clinical biochemistry analysis of 214 NV-AF patients (151 with embolic complication and 63 without embolic complication) were recorded retrospectively. Obtained results compared between NV-AF with embolic group and NV-AF without an embolic group. Results: The most of the CBC and biochemical markers were found as similar (P > 0.05) between groups except white blood cell count, lymphocyte ratio (Lym%), neutrophil ratio (Neu%), eosinophil ratio (Eus%), neutrophil count (Neu), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, blood urea nitrogen, cholesterol, low-density lipid, sodium (Na), total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, plasma iron levels, and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The inflammatory markers, especially NLR, seem to be useful for embolic risk stratification in NVAF patients.

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