Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 170-177

Lower extremity vascular trauma assiut university hospital experience

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Assiut University Hospitals, Asyut, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohammed Shahat
Assuit University Hospital, Assuit University
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_127_21

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Background: There is globally increase incidence in vascular trauma as a result of increase rate of civilian violence and increase rate of road traffic accident. Vascular injury affects young males and associated with high mortality and long-term morbidity. Here, we present our experience as tertiary health centers in the management of this type of injury, also we present our result as regards to primary and secondary amputation rates. The most important factors affecting these rates were ischemia time and condition of surrounding soft tissue. Aims and Objectives: Detect rate of limb salvage after trauma injury in assuit university hospital , and risk factors for limb loss. Materials and Methods: Our study is prospective study of all patients who vascular lower extremity trauma from January 2014 to January 2015 during the period of the study(from January 2014 to January 2015), 135 cases of vascular injury presented to Assiut University Hospital, 87 of them had lower limb vascular injury representing 64.4%. Results: Surgical intervention was done in 82 patients representing 94.3%, endovascular intervention was done in 2 patients representing 2.3, 1 patient had endovascular balloon control then surgical intervention representing 1.15%, and two patients had conservative management representing 2.3%. Conclusion: vascular trauma is prevalent health problem in our locality, which have huge socioeconomic impact in our community as it affects mainly young men. The main controlling factor in secondary amputation rate is ischemia time, infection which accompanies severe soft tissue damage. At the end trauma with vascular injury is considered, a complex process needs urgent intervention with multidisciplinary team in well-equipped facility.

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